Sancta Missa

SACRISTAN’S MANUAL
FOR THE EXTRAORDINARY FORM
"IN SACRISTY AND SANCTUARY"

By Rev. William A. O'Brien, M.A.

IV. HOLY WEEK

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1. PREPARATION FOR THE "TENEBRAE" (On the evenings of Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday of Holy Week.)

(1) Six unbleached wax candles lighted on the altar.
(2) To the epistle side of the sanctuary, about where the epistle is sung at Solemn Mass, stands the "hearse," i.e., a staff with triangular candle branch, ordinarily called "Tenebrae" or "Triangular" candlestick, with fifteen lighted candles of unbleached wax. (White candles, however, are tolerated). An extinguisher should be placed nearby.
(3) A lectern with the "Book of Lessons," placed in about the center of the sanctuary.
(4) On Thursday evening, the crucifix on the altar, which was veiled in violet since Passion Sunday is veiled in black. But for the Mass on Holy Thursday, it is veiled in white.
(5) The antependium is violet on Wednesday evening. There is no antependium on the altar on Holy Thursday or Good Friday.
(6) The altar has no decorations.

NOTE: There are no special rules for small churches wherein these services are held. The above preparations should be made as far as circumstances and conditions permit.

2. HOLY THURSDAY

a) The altar of Repose (Repository).

What is of most importance on this great day is the "Altar of Repose." This Repository in which the Holy Eucharist is reserved till the "Mass of the Pre-Sanctified" on Good Friday is prepared at a side altar or some other suitable part of the church. It should be decorated with all possible splendor, fresh cut flowers, potted plants and many candles.

THINGS NECESSARY AT THE REPOSITORY:

(1) A corporal within the tabernacle.
(2) A corporal upon the altar before the tabernacle.
(3) A white antependium.
(4) The key of the tabernacle.
(5) Relics and pictures are not allowed at the repository.
(6) At least six candles must burn constantly.
(7) A Prie-Dieu (kneeling bench).

NOTE: A light must be kept burning before the Blessed Sacrament wherever it is reserved for sick calls until Saturday morning.

b) Preparations for the Mass and Procession:

1. IN THE SACRISTY.

(1) The color of the vestments is white. Their number and arrangement is as required, i.e., whether one or three priests conduct the services.
(2) If a Solemn Mass is said, and there is a second subdeacon, an amice, alb, cincture and white dalmatic is prepared for him.
(3) Two thuribles with lighted charcoal and two incense boats.
(4) Acolytes' candlesticks with lighted candles.
(5) Altar boys' torches.
(6) Processional cross covered with violet veil.
(7) Purple stoles for celebrant and deacon when stripping the altars.

2. ON THE ALTAR.

(1) The crucifix on the altar is veiled in white.
(2) Tabernacle veil and antependium are white.
(3) Everything else as the dignity of the Mass requires.

3. ON THE CREDENCE TABLE.

(1) Everything as required for a "Solemn Mass."
(2) A second chalice with paten, pall, white veil and white silk ribbon.
(3) One or more bells to ring at the "Gloria."
(4) Wooden clapper. (Used in place of bell after the "Gloria.")
(5) Processional canopy (Baldacchino) and candles for the procession.
(6) White cope and humeral veil.
(7) White stoles for priests or deacons who may receive Holy Communion.

NOTE: If a "Missa Cantata " is sung on Holy Thursday, the preparations as given above are the same, except that there is no need of arranging vestments for the deacon and subdeacon.

c) The Maundy

The Maundy should not be held before the High Altar, but rather in a side chapel or other suitable place. Here there should be another altar or a table prepared in the following manner:

1. AT THE ALTAR OR TABLE.

(1) A purple antependium.
(2) A crucifix veiled in purple.
(3) Four or six lighted candles (bleached wax).
(4) The missal on a stand.

2. AT THE CREDENCE OR SIDE TABLE.

(1) A white apron for the celebrant.
(2) The "Book of Lessons."
(3) Two vessels of water and two basins.
(4) Thirteen towels.
(5) A plate with the coins to be given to those whose feet are washed.
(6) A vessel of water and towel for washing and drying celebrant's hands.
(7) Thirteen chairs or a bench-on the gospel side.

3. IN THE SACRISTY.

(1) Vestments for the celebrant: Violet cope and stole, cincture, alb, amice.
(2) Vestments for the deacon: White dalmatic and deacon's stole, cincture, alb, amice.
(3) Vestments for the subdeacon: White dalmatic, cincture, alb, amice.
(4) Acolytes' candlesticks with lighted candles.
(5) Thurible with lighted charcoal and incense boat.

d) Various Observations on Holy Thursday

(1) The altars are stripped; the tabernacle is open and empty.
(2) The sanctuary lamp is extinguished.
(3) No bells are rung.
(4) Holy water is removed from fonts and poured into the sacrarium; fonts are cleaned. However, a small quantity of holy water is kept for blessing the fire on Holy Saturday.
(5) The holy oils should be burned. The oil stocks should be cleaned and the new oils obtained.
(6) All the sacred vessels should be thoroughly cleaned and polished.

3. GOOD FRIDAY

Things to be prepared are as follows:

1. ON THE HIGH ALTAR.

(1) The altar is entirely bare.
(2) The cross is veiled in purple (Black seems to prevail). The veil is to be so fixed that the crucifix can be easily uncovered by the celebrant in three stages, first from top of cross down to the I.N.R.I.; secondly, exposing the right arm and head; and, finally, taking the cloth off entirely.
(3) The six candles should be of unbleached wax, if possible, and are not lighted until the "Mass of the Pre-Sanctified." If desired, the candlesticks may be of dark color.
(4) The tabernacle is open and empty.
(5) Three cushions covered with purple for the "prostration" are placed on the lowest step of the altar.

2. ON OR AT THE CREDENCE TABLE.

The top of the credence table is covered with a small white linen cloth and upon it are the following things:

(1) The missal upon its stand.
(2) One altar cloth.
(3) Black burse with corporal and purificator; black chalice veil.
(4) Wine and water cruets filled; basin of water and towel.
(5) The rattle or wooden clapper.
(6) Broad stole for deacon (if used).
(7) Processional cross veiled in purple.
(8) Acolytes' candlesticks with unlit candles (if possible unbleached wax).
(9) A purple covered cushion for placing under the cross during the veneration.
(10) Lecterns-where necessary for the singing of the "Passion."

3. IN THE SACRISTY.

(1) The color of the vestments is black.
(2) Vestments for the celebrant: Amice, alb, cincture, stole, maniple and chasuble.
(3) Vestments for the deacon: Amice, alb, cincture, stole, maniple and folded chasuble. If the last is not available, then neither chasuble nor dalmatic is worn.
(4) Vestments for the subdeacon: Amice, alb, cincture, no maniple, folded chasuble. If the last is not available then neither chasuble nor dalmatic is worn.
(5) Vestments for the three deacons who sing the Passion: Amice, alb, cincture, black maniple and black stole for each.
(6) Two thuribles with lighted charcoal and two incense boats are prepared for the procession.
(7) Surplices and black stoles for priests who may assist with veneration of the Cross.

NOTE: If a "Missa Cantata" is said, arrange vestments only for the celebrant.

4. AT THE REPOSITORY.

(1) White burse and corporal.
(2) Key of tabernacle.
(3) White humeral veil.
(4) Canopy (Baldacchino) and candles for procession.
(5) Remove the prie-dieu.


4. HOLY SATURDAY

The ceremonies of Holy Saturday are the longest of the year and many things must necessarily be prepared.

a. For the Ceremonies before Mass

1. IN THE SACRISTY.

(1) Vestments of the celebrant: Violet cope and stole, cincture, alb, amice.
(2) Vestments for the deacon: Violet folded chasuble and deacon's stole, cincture, alb, amice.
(3) Vestments for the subdeacon: Violet folded chasuble, cincture, alb, amice.
(4) Thurible (empty) and incense boat.
(5) Holy water pot and sprinkler.
(6) On a plate the five grains of incense which are to be blessed for insertion into the Paschal candle.
(7) The processional cross.

2. IN THE SANCTUARY.

(1) The paschal candle is in its candlestick on the gospel side-not lighted.
(2) A stand to hold the triple candle.
(3) A lectern near the paschal candle to hold book (missal) during the singing of the "Exsultet. "
(4) Three purple covered cushions for ministers during the singing of the litany.

3. AT THE SEDILIA.

The violet chasuble for celebrant and the maniples for celebrant and deacon.

4. ON THE HIGH ALTAR.

(1) Three altar cloths.
(2) Six white wax candles-not lighted.
(3) The altar cross, unveiled.
(4) Violet antependium over a white antependium, the violet one to be later removed.
(5) Violet tabernacle veil. (To be later replaced by a white one.)
(6) Tabernacle open and empty; however, a corporal is placed therein.

5. OUTSIDE CHURCH DOOR OR IN THE CHURCH VESTIBULE.

(1) A fire is prepared which is to be lit by the spark struck from a flint.
(2) Tongs and charcoal.
(3) A table covered with a white cloth upon which are: white dalmatic, stole and maniple for the deacon.
(4) Missal upon lectern.
(5) The triple candlestick with the triple candle and a taper for lighting it.

6. IN THE BAPTISTRY.

(1) Be sure the Font has been drained and thoroughly cleaned and is now filled with clean water.
(2) A table covered with a clean linen cloth upon which are:

a) Two oil stocks containing Holy Chrism and Oil of Catechumens.
b) Empty holy water pot with sprinkler.
c) Violet stole.
d) Missal upon lectern.
e) Pitcher of water, basin and towels for the washing of celebrant's hands.
f) Bread and lemon sliced on a plate.

(3) A large vessel for preserving some Baptismal Water.
(4) Vessels, as many as are required by local conditions, filled with water to be blessed as the Easter Water.

NOTE: If Baptism is to be administered at once, the following things must be provided and ready to hand:

a.) Salt.
b) The Ritual.
c) Baptismal shell.
d) Towel.
e) White stole and cope.
f) White robe for newly baptized.
g) Lighted candle.

b. Preparations for the Mass.

1. IN THE SACRISTY.

(1) White vestments for Mass to be arranged for one priest (i.e. Sung Mass) or for priest, deacon and subdeacon (i.e. Solemn Mass) as required.
(2) Acolytes' candlesticks with lighted candles (For Solemn Mass only).
(3) Thurible, etc. (For Solemn Mass only).

2. ON THE HIGH ALTAR.

(1) White tabernacle veil and white antependium.
(2) Six high candles lighted.
(3) Flowers.
(4) Missal and altar cards.

3. ON THE CREDENCE TABLE.

Everything is prepared as usual for High or Solemn Mass.

NOTE: At the end of the litany and before Mass begins, the violet tabernacle veil and antependium are replaced with white ones and all signs of mourning are removed. At the "Gloria" of the Mass, all statues, relics and pictures are unveiled.

4. AT A SIDE ALTAR OR IN THE SACRISTY.

If the Blessed Sacrament has been reserved at a side altar or in the sacristy, everything is prepared so that the Sacred Host may be brought to the High Altar at the end of Mass. This requires:

(1) White burse with corporal.
(2) White humeral veil.
(3) Key of tabernacle.
(4) Canopy (Baldacchino), where used.
(5) Bell.
(6) Lighted candles for acolytes.

NOTE: The above arrangements are followed for these ceremonies in small churches as far as circumstances permit.

F. EASTERTIDE

III. PALM SUNDAY

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